A 90-minute documentary for PBS Frontline with Mongoose Pictures UK. Part of a special series on mass incarceration. Credit: Producer.
For decades, the United States has been fixated on incarceration, building prisons and locking up more and more people.
But at what cost, and has it really made a difference?
In Locked Up in America, a series of intimate, probing films, FRONTLINE goes to the epicenter of the raging debate about incarceration in America, focusing on the controversial practice of solitary confinement and on new efforts to reduce the prison population. Both films take a deep dive into two parts of the country, where officials are rethinking what to do with criminals.
With rare, unfettered access, award-winning director and producer Dan Edge gives viewers an up-close, graphic look at a solitary-confinement unit in Maine’s maximum-security prison, and he follows four residents of a housing project in Louisville, Ky., as they cycle in and out of the state’s jails and prisons.
Both films offer raw and unforgettable firsthand accounts from prisoners, prison staff, and people whose lives are forever altered by this troubled system.
The second film in the series, Prison State, premiering on April 29, 2014, is a 90-minute special presentation that takes an intimate look at the cycle of mass incarceration in America and a statewide effort to reverse the trend. There are roughly 2.3 million people behind bars in the United States, with a disproportionate number coming from a few city neighborhoods. In some places, the concentration is so dense that states are spending millions of dollars a year to lock up residents of single blocks.
More than two years in the making, Prison State focuses on one troubled housing project in Louisville, Ky., where a large number of residents have been incarcerated. The film follows the lives of four individuals rotating between custody and freedom:
- Keith Huff, one of Kentucky’s most expensive inmates, who has been in and out of prison for the past 40 years
- Christel Tribble, 15, now facing juvenile incarceration for persistent truancy
- Charles McDuffie, an addict and Vietnam veteran suffering from PTSD
- Demetria Duncan, a 14-year-old who has been locked up by juvenile authorities four times
Using deep access to the Louisville jail, Prison State focuses on the efforts of Mark Bolton, the city’s director of corrections, as he tries to move inmates back into the community.
“We’re locking up people that we’re angry at; we ought to be using this space for people that we’re afraid of, people that are going to hurt us,” Director Bolton tells FRONTLINE. “We’ve gone through an explosion of prison construction in this country, costing us billions of dollars to build and billions to operate, and we’ve come to a fork in the road where we just can’t do that anymore. We can’t afford it—and we’re locking up people who don’t need to be locked up.”
Watch the film here.
Directed, written and edited by DAN EDGE | Producer LAUREN MUCCIOLO | Associate Producer JULIET HOFMANN | Production Manager PHILIPPA LACEY | Editor TIM LOVELL | Music JONNY PILCHER | Deputy Executive Producer for Frontline RANEY ARONSON-RATH